Final Year Project Details – Civil Engineering (RK01)

No. Tittle Synopsis Subdiscipline
1 A module quality management system in inspections and handling over of project construction stage at Campus Pauh Putra, UniMAP+B2:B103 In recent years many government projects require high maintenance work while still in his duty again disability. This may be due to a lack of supervision of construction sites undertaken by the site supervisors. With this module will help supervisors and project engineers form the basis of the relevant items in all stages of the construction of either a basic level building up to the level of the roof construction. With the study of government agencies could have practiced or using this module according to the stages of Inspection and handling over at Campus Pauh Putra, UniMAP. PROJECT/ CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
2 Alkali-treated of bottom ash in production of lightweight foam concrete This study will utilize bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration plant as raw material in foam concrete. Student will be required to treat the bottom ash prior it can be used as raw material in lightweight foam concrete application. Then, a study on alkali-treated foam concrete and its performance according to latest standard method will be tested. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
3 An evaluation of damping on soft clay using hysteresis loop Application of hysteresis loop of the shear stress envelope in determining the damping ratio of soft clay soil. Student need to be conducting a laboratory work to develop hysteresis loop of the shear stress envelope. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
4 Analysis of deflection on frames subjected to different horizontal loading The aim of this study is to determine the effect of different horizontal loading on deflection of frames using computer software which is SAP2000. The deflection obtained using the software will be compared will a manual calculation using Slope Deflection Equations. The loading will be applied at 5 different locations and the deflection obtained will be analyzed using both software and manual calculation. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
5 Analysis of embodied energy and gas emission of Industrialized building system (IBS) for school complex Industrialized building system (IBS) is not new to the construction industry. IBS is a construction method where all or part of the building components of the structure such as column, beam, slab and etc. is fabricated or precast in the factory or on site and assembled on site. The use of IBS is especially obvious in the areas badly devastated by the war where the need of IBS is brought by the need for rapid and rational reconstruction after the Second World War. IBS was introduced in Malaysia since 1964. The usage of IBS in the construction was encouraged by CIDB for the advantages of IBS such as less construction time, saving in labors, less wet job on site and etc. In this study, two school model, IBS model and conventional model are built and analyzed using Multiframe 4D. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
6 Analysis of prestressed beam by finite element method Analysis of a prestressed pretension concrete beam for determination of physical properties suchas deflection, stress distribution under a static concentrated load at center of the beam. For analysis purpose LUSAS package program is used as a Finite Element Analysis tool and necessary hand calculations and experimental results are referred for result comparison andvalidity. The prestressed beam is modeled as simply supported beam with a central concentrated point load (P). Materials assumed to behomogeneous, isotropic and stress-strain relations are linearly elastic. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
7 Application of microscopic techniques for studying microstructure of concretes containing fly ash The possibility of using the fly ash (FA) in concrete additive is not well established, especially in relation to the durability of concrete structures in aggressive environment. This project proposed the study of microstructural characterization of concrete containing fly ash from coal combustion. The evaluation of the microstructure will be performed using optical microscopy. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
8 Assessment on condensed water discharged from the air conditioning unit in Pauh Putra Campus An air conditioning unit is identified released its condensed water from both indoor and outdoor unit as a by-product from the air conditioning process. This research is expected to examine condensed water at the selected high capacity air conditioning in Pauh Putra Campus in terms of flow rate, turbidity, temperature, pH and etc. It will involve water sampling and experiment which is related to minimum experiment available in PPKAS Lab and then comparing with the requirement identified by WQI or DOE. All important parameters requested will be tested and presented in full report. The aim of the research is to identify the potential of recycling the condensed air-condition for specific use after identified the water quality condition which is examined from the condensed water discharged from the running air conditioner unit. WATER AND WASTEWATER & HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
9 Biohydrogen production using activated carbon as solid carriers from molasses fermentation Immobilization technology will be applied to biohydrogen production using activated carbon as solid carriers and molasses wastewater as substrate in this study. At the end of the laboratory work, student will need to characterize the immobilised cells to understand the effect of molasses wastewater as feedstock to the system. The main product is related to renewable energy (biohydrogen), however the experimental works are much related to wastewater analysis. This study is focusing on laboratory work, therefore, student should be able to give commitments on this task. WATER AND WASTEWATER/ RENEWABLE ENERGY
10 Biosorption of Heavy Metals from Aqueous solution using Pleurotus Spent Mushroom Compost as Biosorbent The ability of Pleurotus spent mushroom compost for biosorption of heavy metals from aqueous solutions will be investigated. The study will be conducted in batch experiment under varying operating conditions such as biosorbent dosage, pH, contact time, initial concentration and temperature. At the end, results from laboratory activities will be analysed using existing isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamic model. HEAVY METAL POLLUTION
11 Buckling analysis of steel columns using finite element method The project investigates the general buckling of an axially loaded column using the finite element method with different slenderness ratios of axes x-x and z-z. The project deals with three different modes of buckling. The conducted numerical experiments have suggested correction factors and appropriate buckling modes of the built-up columns. The obtained modelling results are compared with data on analytical calculations made according to Eurocode 3. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
12 Calibration and validation of rainfall reflectivity equation for alor star radar Application of radar rainfall forecasting is not new. However, in Malaysia, its application is still at the early stage especially in hydrological modeling works. In a relationship between measured radar reflectivity and rainfall rate, the power empirical equation is commonly used to convert the reflectivity into the rain fall intensity Z=ARb. In this study, Marshall and Palmer, had developed an equation Z = 200R1.6 and was used until today by many countries such as Thailand, Australia, Libya and Malaysia. According to Suzana and Wardah (2011), the use of Marshall-Palmer equation for the Z-R relationship is no longer appropriate for rainfall estimation and suggested the most suitable Z-R relationship for particular location need to be developed. Therefore, in this study, the main aim is to drive the new Z-R relationship for Alor Star Radar calibrated with several of rain gauges in Peninsular Malaysia. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
13 Carbonation effect of reinforced geopolymer concrete slab This project will be investigating the heavy metal concentration and grain size analysis in sediment collected from Sungai Perlis during two seasons of Southwest and Northeast monsoon. Eight sampling areas of the Sungai Perlis will be selected based on the anthropogenic activities with resulted in elevated metals load into the river. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
14 Comparison of the behavior of RC sheet pile wall vs steel sheet pile: Prefabricated reinforced concrete sheet pile wall has been introduced as a substitute to the steel sheet pile wall. A comparison will be made on installation and behavior of the two types of sheet pile for a given soil condition. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
15 Compressive strength of concrete under tropical climate change Under this project, 12 concrete cubes need to be constructed. All the samples will be placed in room temperature and tropical climate for 3 and 6 months. Each condition requires at least 3 samples for average results. 3 samples placed in room temperature will be controlled samples. Whereas, 3 samples placed in tropical climates for each 3 and 6 months, respectively. In total, 9 samples were placed under tropical climate to determine the effect of concrete strength under this condition. After the cube specimens reached its specified period of exposure, the cube specimens will undergo compressive strength test. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
16 Compressive strength of concrete with the effect of rain water Under this project, 12 concrete cubes need to be constructed. All the samples will be placed in rain water for 3 and 6 months. Each condition requires at least 3 samples for average results. 3 samples were placed in rain water for each 3 and 6 months, respectively. In total, 9 samples were placed in rain water to determine the effect of concrete strength. Another 3 samples will be tested after 28 days of concreting to become as a control sample. After the beam specimens reached its specified period of exposure, the beam specimens will undergo compressive strength test. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
17 Compressive strength of concrete with the effect of river water Under this project, 12 concrete cubes need to be constructed. All the samples will be placed in river water for 3 and 6 months. Each condition requires at least 3 samples for average results. 3 samples were placed in river water for each 3 and 6 months, respectively. In total, 9 samples were placed in river water to determine the effect of concrete strength. Another 3 samples will be tested after 28 days of concreting to become as a control sample. After the beam specimens reached its specified period of exposure, the beam specimens will undergo compressive strength test. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
18 Compressive strength of concrete with the effect of salt water Under this project, 12 concrete cubes need to be constructed. All the samples will be placed in salt water for 3 and 6 months. Each condition requires at least 3 samples for average results. 3 samples were placed in salt water for each 3 and 6 months, respectively. In total, 9 samples were placed in salt water to determine the effect of concrete strength. Another 3 samples will be tested after 28 days of concreting to become as a control sample. After the beam specimens reached its specified period of exposure, the beam specimens will undergo compressive strength test. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
19 Computer simulation on the behavior of cantilever contiguous bore pile (CBP) wall Cantilever wall is a soil structure interaction problem that can be modeled in computer software simulation taking into account on the positive and negative earth pressures and structural behavior of the wall. In this case, contiguous bore pile wall will be modeled using Plaxis software and the behavior of the CBP will be compared with field observation. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
20 Crack behavior on self – compacting concrete using PET bottles as fibre reinforcement Bottles made of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) can be "recycled" to reuse the material out of which they are made and to reduce the amount of waste going into landfills.This study is focused on the fresh and hardened properties of self-compacting concrete (SCC) containing FET bottles as fibre reinforcement. The objective is to observe and analyse the crack behavior developed by incorporating 1%, 2% and 3% of the fibre in the SCC. The results will be compared with a normal SCC mix. The test to be conducted at fresh state is slump flow test, while at hardened state, the test include concrete tensile and compressive test. The first and ultimate crack is the important parameter to be focused on. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
21 Daily Rainfall Extremes over Peninsular Malaysia This study investigated the spatial and trends of daily rainfall extreme. The Peninsular Malaysia is suggest to be study and the techniques are develop for the downscaling of three extreme indices; 1) days with larger than or equal to the 90th percentile of rainfall during the north-east monsoon; 2) consecutive wet days; and 3) consecutive dry days in a year. The study tests the techniques at the suggested period 1975 to 2015. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
22 Daily rainfall trend over Peninsular Malaysia This study proposed to evaluate the trends of the daily rainfall data series based on seasonal and annual rainfall indices. Five rainfall indices, which are total amount of rainfall, frequency of wet days, rainfall intensity, extreme frequency, and extreme intensity, are employed in this study. The statistics of rainfall indices are calculated in terms of their means for four regions in Peninsular Malaysia for the suggested period 1975 to 2015. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
23 Deformation Characteristics of Stabilized Peat Soil Using Lime Peaty soils are not suitable as foundation soils as they are weak and highly compressible. Buildings on peat soils are usually suspended on piles, but the ground around it may still settle. Stabilization of peat soil focuses on increasing the strength of this soft and highly compressible soil. It is done to improve the ability of the soil to perform well by increasing its strength and decreasing the excessive settlement. By using PLAXIS software, simulation on deformation for lime stabilized peat soil under loading can be analyzed based on data from laboratory experiment. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
24 Design of on-site detention for UniMAP Pauh Campus based on MSMA 1 and MSMA 2 Manual Saliran Mesra Alam (MSMA), an abbreeviation from Malay Language translation of Urban Stormwater Management Manual, has been widely accepted term and since become trademark in the stormwater industry in Malaysia. The first edition of the manual, published in 2000, has served as invaluable references for both authority and private professionals.The version included the latest standards and practices, technologies, best engineering practices that were generally based from foreign countries. The first editionwas also quite voluminous and relatively difficult for engineers and professionals to use. Recognizing all these and after ten (10) years lapse, The Department decided that it is timely for the first edition be improved. This improved version is called MSMA 2nd Edition. So, this research is : 1. To compare the difference on design procedure of On-site Detention(OSD) between MSMA 1 and 2. 2. To justify which parameters influence in designing the structure of both MSMA version. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
25 Determination of physical components of the shear strength for residual soil Application of Mohr-Coulomb model in determining the physical component of shear strength for residual soil. Student need to be conducting a triaxial test to develop Mohr-Coulomb model of residual soil. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
26 Determination of the project cost estimates realistic in the implementation of the project - case study projects completed in campus Pauh Putra, UniMAP In recent years the problem of the estimated cost of building the still inconsistent with the diversification compared with use of the building. It is important to create a budget for the application of government projects in the Economic Planning Unit and at the level of implementing agencies such as Unimap, PWD and DID. With the study of government agencies could have practiced the effectiveness of the price is realistic by use of the building PROJECT/ CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
27 Determination of the stress-volume change relationships on compacted soil Application of triaxial test on compacted soil in determining the stress-volume change relationships. Student need to be conducting a triaxial test to the soil before and after compaction to determine the relationships between stress and volume change of soil. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
28 Develop a system to approximate the reinforcement in designing a structure A software using Visual Basic will be used to develop a system to estimate the quantity of reinforcement in certain structure for design. This will cut a time of designer to refer from standard when doing their job. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
29 Distributions and analysis of heavy metals contamination in soil, Perlis Concentration of heavy metals in the soils around Perlis will be investigated. The aims of this study are to assess the heavy metals contamination distribution due to industrialization, urbanization and agricultural activities. The study also will evaluate the physical properties of soil such as particle size, hydraulic conductivity, soil permeability, moisture content and bulk density. Soil samples will be collected at depth of 0-15 cm in 4 stations around Perlis. The concentration of heavy metals in soil samples will be analyzed using AAS. HEAVY METAL POLLUTION
30 Durability properties of sustainable concrete containing waste materials The durability properties of a sustainable concrete incorporating high volume waste materials were investigated. Test involved are bulk density, specific gravity, water absorption and compressive strength. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
31 Effect of climate change to the exposed steel reinforcement Under this project, 12 steel reinforcements need to be prepared. 3 samples placed in room temperature will be controlled samples. Whereas, 9 samples placed in tropical climates for each 3 and 6 months, respectively. Each condition requires at least 3 samples for average results. In total, 9 samples were placed under tropical climate to determine the effect of steel reinforcement strength under this condition. After the steel reinforcement reached its specified period of exposure, the steel reinforcement will undergo tensile test. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
32 Effect of earthquake on slope buttress protection Recently, improvement for slope stability is necessary due to slope failure. This research is to study the effect of earthquake on slope stabilization treated with rock buttress. Earthquake tend to destabilize the slope and cause slip failure. This study able to produce new understanding on behavior of slope treated with rock buttress under the earthquake loading. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
33 Effect of thermal pretreatment of molasses as substrates on fermentative biohydrogen production This study will investigate the effect of thermal pretreatment of influent molasses that will be used as feedstock in fermentative biohydrogen production. The conditions for thermal pretreatment of influent molasses will be varied and the findings are expected to be an important strategy to enhance hydrogen production and the stability of system operation. WATER AND WASTEWATER/ RENEWABLE ENERGY
34 Effectiveness of visco-elastic model in determining settlement and bearing capacity of soil Application of visco elastic model in determining the settlement and bearing capacity of soil. Student need to be conduct a laboratory work to develop hyperbolic shear stress-strain curve and hysteresis loop of the shear stress envelope. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
35 Effects of Municipal Solid Waste Incinerator’s ashes as mineral addition in Concrete Properties This research aims at studying the effect of replacing part of Portland cement with fly ash and bottom ash from MSWI incinerator. Fly ash is subjected to pre-treatment to reduce chloride and bottom ash is subjected to a grinding process. Concretes with addition of different types of ashes will be casting. Fresh and hardened properties of the concrete will be compared in order to study the advantages and the side effects of each type of addition. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
36 Enhancement of batch biohydrogen production frommolasses of sugarcane bagasse A series of batch fermentation will be performed to determine the effect of pH in fermentation media to enhance biohydrogen production. The potential of molasses of sugarcane bagassewill be used as substrate to convert to hydrogen via fermentation by acclimatized mixed consortia on activated carbon as immobilised cells. The main product is related to renewable energy (biohydrogen), however the experimental works are much related to wastewater analysis. WATER AND WASTEWATER/ RENEWABLE ENERGY
37 Enrichment of GAC-immobilised mixed culture to molasses by repeated batch cultivation Adaptation of GAC-immobilised mixed culture to molasses will be investigated in this study. GAC-immobilisedcells from sucrose fermentation process will be exposed to increasing molasses concentrations from1 g-VS/L to 10 g-VS/L via repeated batch cultivation. This study aims to adapt and enrich biohydrogen producing GAC-immobilised mixed cultures that could ferment molasses with high hydrogen yield and without significant lag phase. WATER AND WASTEWATER/ RENEWABLE ENERGY
38 Evaluation of shear strength on soft clay using hyperbolic shear stress-strain model Application of hyperbolic shear stress-strain model in determining the shear strength of soil. Student need to be conducting a laboratory work to develop backbone model of the shear stress-strain curve. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
39 Evaluation of subsoil drain for lowering water table or for collection of leachate This study involves computer as well as laboratory simulation subsoil drain as a mean for lowering water table as well as application for leachate collection pipe in landfill. WATER AND WASTEWATER
40 Factors affecting crack repairing capacity of bacteria-based self-healing concrete Bacteria-based self-healing concrete is a relatively new technique, therefore it is important to gather more results in simulate real conditions before applied on a bigger scale. In the present study, bacteria-based self-healing concrete was developed by adding the microbial self-healing agent which has the potential to improve self-healing capacity mainly by bacteria induced mineral precipitations. The precipitations formed at the cracks surface of the cement paste specimens were analyzed with Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) equipped with an Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectrometer (EDS), and then examined by X-ray Diffraction (XRD). Moreover, the influence of crack width, curing ways and cracking age on the crack self-healing of cement paste with microbial self-healing agent was researched by the characterization methods of area repair rate and anti-seepage repair rate. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
41 Flood forecasting simulation using SWMM5 for Sungai Perlis Urban storm water modeling is one of the alternatives management and design tools in water engineering field. Users have so many choices in selecting the appropriate model base on their application purposes. One of the popular models is Storm Water Management Model (SWMM) from primarily in urban areas. SWMM is a dynamic rainfall-runoff simulation model that may be used for a single event or long term (continuous) simulation for either runoff quantity and quality or both. In addition, the new SWMM version which running under Windows based provides an integrated environment for editing study area input, running hydrologic, hydraulic and water quality simulations, and finally, viewing the results in a variety of formats. The sensitivity analysis is carried out in this study to determine the major influence parameter to runoff depth and peak flow. By successfully running the sensitivity analysis, the selection of calibration parameters can be minimized and forecasting can be done. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
42 Flood Modelling using Hec-HMS for the Timah-Tasoh Catchment The study is developed a flood modelling of the Timah-Tasoh catchment using Hec-HMS. A series of flood events are calibrated with the model and evaluate the model performance during the validation event by comparison between original hydrograph coefficients with hydrograph simulation. The performances will be checked using several performance indices, such as root mean square error (RMSE) and Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE). HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
43 Guidelines on Lightning Protection System in Malaysia: Review on the installation of Lightning Protection system in the concrete structure Lightning Protection System in Malaysia: Review on the installation of Lightning Protection system in the concrete structure. Is the review on the standard by the JKR and Malaysia Standard (MS) for the installation the LPS system in the concrete structure, including the suitability, the missing part, pro n cons and etc. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
44 Heavy metals biosorption using combo biosorbent derived from agricultural waste This research will be focused on the ability of combo biosorbent for heavy metals removal. The study will be conducted in batch experiment under varying operating conditions such as biosorbent dosage, pH, contact time, initial concentration and temperature. At the end, the experimental data will be analysed and compared withexisting isotherm, kinetics and thermodynamic model. HEAVY METAL POLLUTION
45 Implementation of Artificial Neural Network for Rainfall-Runoff Modelling Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is proven as a best tool in many field. This study intends to study the feasibility of using ANN as the rainfall-runoff model to simulate the hydrological response. The study is proposed to evaluate the model in the catchment of Timah-Tasoh and the result of the model will be compared with the continuous hydrological model, which is IHACRES. The performance of both models will be discussed. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
46 Implementation of IBS system in construction industry IBS known as part of system that used in Construction industry. However, its limitation is due to implementation of this aspect on site construction and established procedure that normally practice by engineer is not sufficient. This study is to cover scope of distribution of questionnaire to obtain and observe their feedback on the implementation of IBS recently on site construction. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
47 Industrialized building system (IBS) ceiling board Study, analyze, testing and produce the alternative products for Industrialized Building System (IBS) Ceiling Board. This alternative IBS product is more strength, lightweight, reduce cost (more cheaper compare to existing product in the market ), also green material product (environmental safety). PROJECT/ CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
48 Industrialized building system (IBS) composite lightweight wall Study, analyze, testing and produce the alternative products for Industrialized Building System (IBS) Composite Lightweight wall. This alternative IBS product is more strength, lightweight, reduce cost (more cheaper compare to existing product in the market),also green material product (environmental safety). PROJECT/ CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
49 Industrialized building system (IBS) lightweight organic matter brick Study, analyze, testing and produce the alternative products for Industrialized Building System (IBS) Lightweight Organic Matter Brick. This alternative IBS product is more strength, lightweight, reduce cost (more cheaper compare to existing product in the market), also green material product (environmental safety). PROJECT/ CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
50 Industrialized building system (IBS) partition board Study, analyze, testing and produce the alternative products for Industialized Building System (IBS) Partition Board. This alternative IBS product is more strenght, lightweight, reduce cost (more cheaper compare to existing product in the market ), also green material product (environmental safety). PROJECT/ CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
51 Industrialized building system (IBS) tiles Study, analyze, testing and produce the alternative products for Industrialized Building System (IBS) tiles. This alternative IBS product is more strength, lightweight, reduce cost (more cheaper compare to existing product in the market ), also green material product (environmental safety). PROJECT/ CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT
52 Influence of Cement Paste Component in Concrete at High Temperatures This research investigates the concrete performance due to exposure at high temperatures. Several mixtures of concrete will be casting using different percentage cement replacement. Properties at high temperature such as colour change, spalling, crack behavior and compressive strength will be observed and compared. Fire poses as one of the most severe risks to building and structures. As concrete is exposed to high temperature, its mechanical properties such as concrete strength may decrease with increasing temperature, crack developments results in undesirable fractures and explosive spalling seems increase with decrease permeability and increase moisture content. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
53 Inhibitory effects of acetate on biohydrogen production using molasses as substrate Inhibitory effects of acetate on biohydrogen production from molasses by GAC-immobilised mixed culture will be investigated in this study. In batch test, by varying sodium acetate concentration, their inhibitory effects on sugar degradation, cell growth, distribution of liquid products and hydrogen production will be examined. WATER AND WASTEWATER/ RENEWABLE ENERGY
54 Integration of UniMAP's student bus routing towards free city-bus services for local people in Perlis Free public transport, often called fare free public transit or zero -fare public transport, refers to public transport funded in full by means other than collecting fares from passengers. It may be funded by national, regional or local government through taxation or by commercial sponsorship by businesses. Perlis is the smallest state in Malaysia with population of 245,000 as of 2015 in 821km2 land area. UniMAP was established since 2003 in Perlis now is reported to have more than 70 buses commuting the students from all over places mainly for their daily educational purpose. Since the bus commute is significant in Perlis road today, this research is to examine the potential of integration existing students bus services extendable to Perlis local people to make advantage of the presence of the bus for their daily activities. It is hoped that this research will propose the optimized route for the bus to operate in systematic structure not only for the students' essential but also for the local people. TRANSPORTATION/TRAFFIC & ROAD/HIGHWAY
55 Laboratory test on a scaled down model of stone column installed in soft clay Stone column has been used widely as a treatment for strengthening weak layer and to reduce settlement especially for construction of embankment over soft ground. The design approach for stone column has been based on empirical approach and actual behavior is not fully understood. The lab size test will be conducted to observe the behavior of the column. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
56 Lightweight aggregates from mixtures of fly ash with clay This work aims to study the possibility of producing lightweight aggregates from fly ash (FA) waste in addition to clayey deposit. The raw materials and the lightweight aggregates will be characterized using X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and optical microscopy. All the aggregates will be sintered with high temperature which could be used in lightweight concrete as thermal and acoustic insulators. The characteristic of the lightweight aggregate will be analysed. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
57 Lightweight aggregates produced by granulation of cement This study proposed method to produce lightweight aggregates (LWAs) by granulating cement. OPC Cement will be granulated with others waste materials to produce spherical granules. A suitable liquid/solid ratio, granulation growth type, microstructure, strength, and crystal structure of granules will be determined. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
58 Low cost drainage cover for residential used Malaysia received rainfall throughout a year. But, most of the rainfall will either intercept through the land or flow as runoff. Because of too many impervious area, excessive runoff can cause flood. Therefore this research will try to reduce the runoff using low cost drainage cover. The drainage cover will be design to suit with regular drainage size. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
59 Particulate matter (PM10) pollution and the impacts on the surrounding residential area: A Case Study in Bukit Keteri, Perlis, Malaysia Particulate matter (PM10) is one of the six criteria pollutants, and the most important in terms of adverse effects on human health. The main sources of PM10 pollution in Bukit Keteri, Perlis was due to the quarry and cement industries. The study will be conducted to evaluate the concentration and distribution of PM10 in Bukit Keteri, Perlis and also to assess the impacts of PM10 pollution to the surrounding residential area. The data will be obtained from the field sampling and a survey. The field sampling will be observed in the morning and night for a month. Meanwhile, a survey will be conducted and distributed to 100 respondents who lived at Bukit Keteri, Perlis. AIR POLLUTION
60 Physical properties, behavior, and testing of geotextiles The physical properties of geotextiles are properties which reflect the raw materials and manufacturing processes used to fabricate them. Tests used to measure these properties are called index test. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
61 Potential use of non-treated bottom ash in self-compacted foam concrete This study will utilize bottom ash from municipal solid waste incineration plant as raw material in foam concrete. Student will be required to study the behavior of self compacting foam concrete and the performance of it according to latest standard method. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
62 Preliminary water footprint assessment for Sungai Korok, Perlis The aim of this study is to continue to calculate a preliminary water footprint assessment for Perlis river basin or in more specified term is catchment area which is Sungai Pelarit’s scheme (Sungai Korok/Sungai Abi). Therefore, the objective of this study are: (i) To assess green and blue water footprint in at selected boundaries. (ii) To estimate the total of green and blue water footprint consumed by crops activities at selected boundaries. Methodology: using the water footprint concept introduced by Dr Arjen Hoelstra in 2002. ** This study is basedon the data of last year FYP, with following by the new scheme of catchment area. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
63 Prototyping the water quality monitoring apparatus using data log and GSM module The project is to develop and test run the prototype for water quality monitoring apparatus which is intended to be stand alone and equipped with data logger/GSM Module transmittal. In normal practice, the data collection for water quality monitoring will be functioned by manual experiments in laboratories, while this project will develop the apparatus using sensors and computer aided software so that it can be self-functioning in the desired places. As start, the apparatus will be equipped with the sensors for main water parameters requested by WQA, DOE or other relevant authorities. This will be done by industrial collaboration which is identified by the supervisor. The final aim of this research is to have a reliable water quality monitoring apparatus with an ability to record water quality data and transmit the results to the registered user at designated intervals for water monitoring purpose. WATER AND WASTEWATER/ HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
64 Pulse velocity assessment of different types of brick This research investigated the different types of brick deformation such as clay brick and sand brick using ultrasonic pulse velocity measurements. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
65 Quantifying the effect of debris/rubbish on open channel flow The flow of water in open channel is fully understood. However, the flow of water mixed with debris or rubbish is not greatly studied. in fact, in most situations, the flow of open channel almost always contains foreign material such as debris and rubbish. This study will examine the flow capacity when the flow contains foreign materials such as floating rubbish. WATER AND WASTEWATER
66 Rainfall impact on slope stability There are a lot of slope failures in Malaysia, especially on steep man-made cut slope and the slope of embankment. Many surface slope failures have taken place during or after a period of rain. Rainfall pattern is one of the major factors that influence the changes of suction and lead to slope instability in unsaturated soils. This research is to investigate the stability of slopes influenced by rainfall intensity. A set of data collection i.e. suction data and rainfall intensity will be considered as research parameter. The factor of safety (FOS) will be determined by using SLOPE/W software to conclude the overall problem statement. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
67 Rainfall Projection Corresponding to Climate Scenarios based on Statistical and Dynamic Downscaling Models In this study, the Statistical DownScaling Model (SDSM) based on statistical downscaling models is used to generate the possible future values of rainfall in the Perlis region, Malaysia. SDSM is yields a better performance in capturing the rainfall properties during the model development and believe able to project satisfactory for future rainfall. The result of the SDSM model will be evaluated with the rainfall projection by NAHRIM, which utilized the dynamical downscaling approaches. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
68 Rainwater filtration system for domestic used Malaysia received rainfall throughout a year. But, most of the rainfall will either intercept through the land or flow as a runoff. Therefore, this research will try reusing the rainfall by collect excess rainfall from house gutter and filtered before the rainwater can be used as domestic per purpose such as gardening and cleaning house. HYDROLOGY/ HYDRAULIC
69 Replacement of Raw Mix in Cement Production by Municipal Solid Waste Incineration Ash In this study, the feasibility of reusing the MSWI ashes as secondary materials for cement production will be evaluated. Pre-treatment is utilized to remove readily soluble salts including chlorides and a sintering treatment was used to simulate the cement making process. The ash is added to replace the clay component of the raw materials to the cement process. The cement quality will be investigated to evaluate the feasibility of MSWI ash reuse in cement production. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
70 River water quality monitoring and classifacation for Sungai Abi Water samples will be collected at regular intervals from Sungai Abi and laboratory analysis to determine its physico-chemical and biological characteristics. The Water Quality Index (WQI) will use as a basis for assessment of a watercourse in relation to pollution load categorization and designation of classes of beneficial uses as stipulated in the National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS). The WQI was derived using Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N), Suspended Solids (SS) and pH. WATER & WASTEWATER
71 River water quality monitoring and classifacation for Sungai Arau Water samples will be collected at regular intervals from Sungai Arau and laboratory analysis to determine its physico-chemical and biological characteristics. The Water Quality Index (WQI) will use as a basis for assessment of a watercourse in relation to pollution load categorization and designation of classes of beneficial uses as stipulated in the National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS). The WQI was derived using Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N), Suspended Solids (SS) and pH. WATER & WASTEWATER
72 River water quality monitoring and classifacation for Sungai Korok Water samples will be collected at regular intervals from Sungai Korok and laboratory analysis to determine its physico-chemical and biological characteristics. The Water Quality Index (WQI) will use as a basis for assessment of a watercourse in relation to pollution load categorization and designation of classes of beneficial uses as stipulated in the National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS). The WQI was derived using Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N), Suspended Solids (SS) and pH. WATER & WASTEWATER
73 River water quality monitoring and classifacation for Sungai Perlis Water samples will be collected at regular intervals from Sungai Perlis and laboratory analysis to determine its physico-chemical and biological characteristics. The Water Quality Index (WQI) will use as a basis for assessment of a watercourse in relation to pollution load categorization and designation of classes of beneficial uses as stipulated in the National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS). The WQI was derived using Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N), Suspended Solids (SS) and pH. WATER & WASTEWATER
74 River water quality monitoring and classifacation for Sungai Santan Water samples will be collected at regular intervals from Sungai Santan and laboratory analysis to determine its physico-chemical and biological characteristics. The Water Quality Index (WQI) will use as a basis for assessment of a watercourse in relation to pollution load categorization and designation of classes of beneficial uses as stipulated in the National Water Quality Standards for Malaysia (NWQS). The WQI was derived using Dissolved Oxygen (DO), Biochemical Oxygen Demand (BOD), Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD), Ammoniacal Nitrogen (NH3-N), Suspended Solids (SS) and pH. WATER & WASTEWATER
75 Seasonal variation of grain size and heavy metals concentration in sediment of Sungai Perlis : This project will be investigating the heavy metal concentration and grain size analysis in sediment collected from Sungai Perlis during two seasons of Southwest and Northeast monsoon. Eight sampling areas of the Sungai Perlis will be selected based on the anthropogenic activities with resulted in elevated metals load into the river. Methodology: i. Grain size analysis – Mean, sorting and skewness in sediment samples will be determined by using carbonates (dissolve: 4 M HCL). Sediment sample will be removed by adding 50% H2O2 and dispersing agent. Then Particle Size Analyzer (PSA) system will be applied. ii. Heavy metal analysis – sample will be dried in oven (70oC) and grounded using mortar and pass through 63 um mesh size. Detection of heavy metal – ICP or AAS. Expected result is the disribution of metals and grain size in upstream and downstream river sediment will be affected by monsoon seasons. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
76 Software Analysis of the Reinforced Concrete structure with the effect from installation of additional Reinforcement in the concrete Software Analysis of the Reinforced Concrete structure with the effect from installation of additional Reinforcement is the research related with the finite element analysis (FEA) of the concrete structure with additional reinforcement. Using software analysis as the main tool of the research. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
77 Software Application for Determination of Bearing Capacity of Soil A foundation is the lowest and supporting layer of a structure. Foundations are generally divided into two categories which are shallow foundations and deep foundations .Shallow foundations are usually embedded below than three meter from the soil strata. The deep foundation is also called pile foundation that used to transfer structural load to a soil or rock layer. Determination of bearing capacity for these foundations will be analysed by software application through Microsoft Excel. Through this research, comparison between each designed foundation can be investigate in order to understand the effectiveness of software application in helping to achieve better and economical design. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
78 Statistical analysis on NDT test on concrete This project studies the reliability in interpreting non-destructive testing results of concrete structures for assessing concrete strength, concrete uniformity, and concrete cover. An experimental research are carried out, involving both destructives and non-destructive testing methods applied to different concrete mixes ranging from 20 to 55 MPa. The specimens consisting of cubes, slabs, and columns were casted for the correlation purposes and as testing samples. Statistical analysis is used to establish a relationship between destructives and non-destructive readings. Direct and predicted values are made on the testing samples and compared. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
79 Structural assessment of building with crack problem Deterioration of concrete such as cracking, may lead to loss of structural integrity, gradual failure, shorten expected service live, and in worst case evensudden shear failure of the structure in which could endanger live and properties of the public. The cracking occur when force either externally, internally within a building, or as a results of mechanical strength changes within the building materials. To counter such problem, repair and rehabilitation of the concrete structures is a matter of serious concern and must be done immediately before the structure goes through further deterioration and thus collapse.Before proposing the suitable method to repair or rehabilitation of the deterioration structure, an engineer mustensure that the conditions of structure need to evaluate first. This project discusses to the structural cracking assessment. The main attention is paid to various types of crack and all possible factors that may contributed to the formation and crack propagation. In order to create the information about the cracking propagation, study on theory about the cracking analysis and structural assessment of building (case study) are carried out. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
80 Study of ground anchor as slope remedial for retaining wall construction Ground anchor known as active method, this method use to retain soil mass behind the wall to resists from failure. This study will focus on numerical solution for analyzing the improvement of retaining wall using ground anchor. It will use several methods, including computer simulation. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
81 Study of physical modelling on rock buttress Rock buttress can be used to stabilize the slope. However, using computer simulation is not adequate. This research uses new approach to investigate the idea of rock buttress using physical modelling. Through this research, result from physical modelling can verify the result of computer simulation. This study will focus on the effect of loading including the load applied on the top of slope. This research focus on the physical modeling. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
82 Study of point and non-point sources pollution: A case study in Sungai Perlis, Perlis The objectives of the study are to determine point and non-point sources pollution along Sungai Perlis and to identify which have the potential to increase the pollution rate in the river. This study also will analyse the water quality of the river. This study involves both field and laboratory study. Field study will be conducted to establish the number of point and non-point sources pollution and in-situ measurement of selected variables; while the laboratory study will be done to analyse the water quality parameters such as physical, chemical and biological. HEAVY METAL POLLUTION
83 Study on water fluctuation on slope stability for slope treated using soil nailing Soil nailing used to stabilize the slope by inserting the nail into the soil mass. This method able to improve the factor of safety if slope. However, in some cases, with water level increase to the level that installed soil nail, it will cause other effect to slope stability. This study tend to determine the effect of water fluctuation on slope stability treated with soil nailing. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
84 Temperature variation in concrete samples due to cement hydration In concrete structures, the temperature gradient is mainly caused by cement hydration heat. Concrete properties also directly affect the temperature gradient. To prevent cracking in concrete structures, some technical approaches can be done, such as choosing cooler raw materials or precooling (ice) or pipe cooling, or applying superficial thermal insulation. This project focuses on identifying which properties influence the concrete temperature and on how raw materials affect the thermal characteristics. Experimental tests will be done to analyze how the precooling technique and cement type reduce the temperature’s gradient. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
85 The 4 years performance of 5MW Solar Power Plant in Perlis In November 2012, the 3rd Solar Power Plant in Malaysia was successfully energized which is located at Kuala Perlis reclaimed landfill area. The 5MW Solar PV Plant owned by Private Listed Company now in 2016 gone through 4 years of operation in grid, believed as the suitable time for some initial comparison in terms of the engineering performance towards balance concession of 17 more years to due. The 2012 data is available in Supervisor's record and current performance data is assessable through the monitoring team on site. This research is expected to give an engineering comparison on the previous 2012 data with latest available data in assessing in performance of the 5MW Solar PV system as to cultivate the new findings which is confirmed as new in Malaysian Solar PV Plant. SUSTAINABLE BUILDING
86 The assessment of UniMAP's library for certified Green Building Index compliance UniMAP's Library which built at Main Campus Pauh Putra is desired to be Green enough in support for Sustainable Campus Agenda. The Library currently in limelight to be nominated as Green Building as for the University's Top Management mission as the first building in Perlis with the GBI certified Building. However, the actual condition needs to be examined and assess to give the present GBI score and what need to be done in line with the prestige certification which is expected to follow later. This research will focus on the current GBI Score for the library building and suggest measures that can be adopted to at least certify the library in GBI Listing. All required actions will be listed and simulation score will be presented as final report so that the University Management will be informed and updated before the actual commercial move take place. BUILDDING PERFORMANCE/ SUSTAINABLE BUILDING
87 The Consolidation Behavior of POFA Treated Marine Clay The marine clays have low strength, low permeability, high compressibility and weak confining pressure. These characteristics will cause possible shear failure and different settlement. It is necessary to modify these marine clay properties to acceptable and constructible soil properties. The consolidation behavior of POFA treated marine clay are investigated by Atterberg’s Limit, sieving, and consolidation tests. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
88 The effect of natural fiber (banana) and sythetic fiber on the concrete performance: This project will determine the physical by using the laboratory lab to determine the properties of material used, mechanical properties such as compression test, flexural test and chemical properties such XRF, XRD etc of material and for the concrete after curing process 28 days with the different percentage of the fiber used. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
89 The effect of natural fiber (banana) on the concrete performance This project will determine the physical by using the laboratory lab to determine the properties of material used, mechanical properties such as compression test, flexural test and chemical properties such XRF, XRD etc of material and for the concrete after curing process 28 days with the different percentage of the fiber used. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
90 The effect of natural fiber (kenaf) and sythetic fiber on the concrete performance This project will determine the physical by using the laboratory lab to determine the properties of material used, mechanical properties such as compression test, flexural test and chemical properties such XRF, XRD etc of material and for the concrete after curing process 28 days with the different percentage of the fiber used. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
91 The effect of natural fiber (kenaf) on the concrete performance This project will determine the physical by using the laboratory lab to determine the properties of material used, mechanical properties such as compression test, flexural test and chemical properties such XRF, XRD etc of material and for the concrete after curing process 28 days with the different percentage of the fiber used. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
92 The effect of natural fiber (palm oil) and synthetic fiber on the concrete performance This project will determine the physical by using the laboratory lab to determine the properties of material used, mechanical properties such as compression test, flexural test and chemical properties such XRF, XRD etc of material and for the concrete after curing process 28 days with the different percentage of the fiber used. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
93 The effect of natural fiber (palm oil) on the concrete performance This project will determine the physical by using the laboratory lab to determine the properties of material used, mechanical properties such as compression test, flexural test and chemical properties such XRF, XRD etc of material and for the concrete after curing process 28 days with the different percentage of the fiber used. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
94 The effects of tyre fibre reinforcement on cracks in self – compacting concrete Waste tyre is causing environmental contamination in Malaysia. Recycling of wasted materials to be reused in concrete has become a trend these days. Hence in this study, recycled waste tyre will be shredded into fibre strips to be used as reinforcement to mitigate cracks in self-consolidating concrete (SCC) mix. The effects of utilization of tyre fibre in certain percentage on the workability and mechanical strength will be investigated. The utilization will be 1%, 2% and 3% of cement volume and will be cured for 28 days. The results will be compared to a normal mix of SCC. The tests involved include slump flow test for workability, tensile and compression test for mechanical properties. In terms of cracks, the first and ultimate crack development will be observed and recorded during mechanical testing. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
95 The Natural Frequency analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures The Natural Frequency analysis of Reinforced Concrete structure is analysis of the different parameter of reinforced concrete structure by using the natural frequency method. The behavior of different parameter of reinforced concrete will be analyzed from the natural frequency result. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
96 The Physical and Strength Properties of Cement Treated Marine Clay The marine clay is a problematic soil to construction. The marine clays have low strength, low permeability, high compressibility and weak confining pressure. These characteristics will cause possible shear failure and different settlement. It is necessary to modify these marine clay properties to acceptable and constructible soil properties. The physical and strength properties of cement treated marine clay are investigated by plastic limit test, shear box test and unconfined compression test. SOIL/GEOTECHNIC
97 The prospect of generating electricity from concrete In this project, the prospect of using solar in generating electricity will be explored with the aid of using TEGs (thermoelectric generators) for converting the heat available at LCZ (lower convective zone) into electricity. The effect of heat extraction, climatic variation, temperature polarisation, and the conversion efficiency of TEG on the thermal performance and electrical performance of the system will be discussed. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
98 The study of crack pattern behavior and the relationship with load-displacement analysis of reinforced concrete structure The study of crack pattern behavior and the relationship with load-displacement analysis of reinforced concrete structure is research related with analysis of crack pattern with consider the analysis from load-displacement result. Different set or reinforced concrete structure with different parameters involved in this research. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
99 The study on lightweight concrete using recycled cement – sand brick as coarse aggregate replacement Bricks is becoming a major demolition waste and causing environmental contamination in Malaysia. Recycling of wasted cement – sand brick could conserve natural resources and preserve land from waste filling. In this research, recycled cement – sand bricks(CSB) is used to partially replace coarse aggregate in normal concrete mix to obtain lightweight concrete. The effects of replacement of CSB on the workability and mechanical strength will be investigated. The replacements will be 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% of coarse aggregate volume and will be cured for 28 days. The results will be compared to a normal mix with no CSB replacement. The tests involved include slump test for workability, tensile and compression test for mechanical properties. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
100 The study on self – compacting concrete using recycled cement – sand brick as coarse aggregate replacement Bricks is becoming a major demolition waste and causing environmental contamination in Malaysia. Recycling of wasted cement – sand brick could conserve natural resources and preserve land from waste filling. In this research, recycled cement – sand bricks (CSB) is used to partially replace coarse aggregate in self-consolidating concrete (SCC) mix. The effects of replacement of CSB on the workability and mechanical strength will be investigated. The replacements will be 25%, 50% and 75% of coarse aggregate volume and will be cured for 28 days. The results will be compared to a normal mix of SCC. The tests involved include slump flow test for workability, tensile and compression test for mechanical properties. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN
101 The temperature variation effect in the concrete structure from the heat generated from external source The temperature variation effect in the concrete structure from the heat generated from external source is the research related with the temperature changing inside the concrete element from the high current flowed into the specimen. The research including analysis the data from the lab works and software analysis. STRUCTURE-MATERIAL/DESIGN